The First Information Report (FIR) is construed as the earliest communication or intimation for registration of a crime to the state agency,
to set an investigation in motion.
Such information irrespective of its brevity or length has to convey the relevant information about the nature and place of occurrence including a description of the victim of violence.
The object of section 154 of Cr. P.C 1898 is to set the criminal law in motion, for the purposes of investigation,
to collect evidence for tracing and bringing the culprits to justice.
A first information report is very important in a criminal trial.
In the final decision of the criminal case,
the first information report plays an important role.
ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS OF FIR
- Commission of cognizable offence;
- The First Information Report should be in writing and signed by the person giving this information;
- A report in the daily diary of the police station is recorded before registration of FIR;
- The number, time, and date of such report are specially mentioned in column 1 of the First Information Report.