Part II Chapter 1 of the Constitution of Pakistan deals with the basic rights of a person for constitution of petitions,
right to worship and refinement and educational rights,
which provides the right to life and liberty,
sameness before the law,
freedom of speech and expression,
liberty of thought,
fair trial and right to oppose discrimination and many others.
Whenever a person is affected by any unlawful act or omission of public officials or of any public office,
he may approach the High Court under article 199 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
or the Supreme Court under article 184 of the constitution to issue the appropriate writ.
Moreover, a person may access the High Court when there is an infringement of fundamental rights
as well as legal rights although Supreme Court entertains a writ only in those cases where there is a violation of the fundamental rights.
The writ petition can be invoked to oppose a private person who is acting
unlawful and illegal in partnership with any public authority.